Blinding as a Solution to Bias

This book PDF is perfect for those who love Law genre, written by Christopher T Robertson and published by Academic Press which was released on 30 January 2016 with total hardcover pages 388. You could read this book directly on your devices with pdf, epub and kindle format, check detail and related Blinding as a Solution to Bias books below.

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
Author : Christopher T Robertson
File Size : 49,8 Mb
Publisher : Academic Press
Language : English
Release Date : 30 January 2016
ISBN : 9780128026335
Pages : 388 pages
Get Book

Blinding as a Solution to Bias by Christopher T Robertson Book PDF Summary

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions—about who needs to know what—open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.

Blinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers,

Get Book
Finding Your Blind Spots

Build bridges, foster better relationships, and establish a more inclusive school community. In her direct yet conversational style, Hedreich Nichols examines discriminatory classroom practices and offers strategies for eliminating them. You'll acquire the knowledge and skills to identify biases that adversely affect your practice and learn how to move beyond

Get Book
Good Research Practice in Non Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

This open access book, published under a CC BY 4.0 license in the Pubmed indexed book series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, provides up-to-date information on best practice to improve experimental design and quality of research in non-clinical pharmacology and biomedicine.

Get Book
Expert Failure

Roger Koppl develops a theory of experts and expert failure, and illustrates his theory with wide-ranging examples, including that of state regulation of economic activity.

Get Book
Behavioral Clinical Trials for Chronic Diseases

This is the first comprehensive guide to the design of behavioral randomized clinical trials (RCT) for chronic diseases. It includes the scientific foundations for behavioral trial methods, problems that have been encountered in past behavioral trials, advances in design that have evolved, and promising trends and opportunities for the future.

Get Book
Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students

Download or read online Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students written by Thangamani A Ramalingam,Senthil NS Kumar, published by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers which was released on 2018-11-16. Get Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students Books

Get Book
Blindspot

“Accessible and authoritative . . . While we may not have much power to eradicate our own prejudices, we can counteract them. The first step is to turn a hidden bias into a visible one. . . . What if we’re not the magnanimous people we think we are?”—The Washington Post I know my

Get Book
Getting It Right When It Matters Most

Discover how to Get It Right in your Moments That Matter—when the situation is complex and relational—and the stakes are high. Transform the outcome of your most challenging situations and interactions when you feel— Threatened by charged emotions or uncertainty Paralyzed by fear of saying (or doing) the

Get Book