- Author : Alan D. Taylor
- Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
- Category : Social Science

**Summary:**

As a text for an undergraduate mathematics course for nonmajors, Mathematics and Politics requires no prerequisites in either area while the underlying philosophy involves minimizing algebraic computations and focusing instead on some conceptual aspects of mathematics in the context of important real-world questions in political science. Five major topics are covered including a model of escalation, game theoretic models of international conflict, yes-no voting systems, political power, and social choice. Each topic is discussed in an introductory chapter and revisited in more depth in a later chapter. This new edition has added co-author, Allison Pacelli, and two new chapters on "Fairness" and "More Fairness." The examples and the exercises have been updated and enhanced throughout. Reviews from first edition: This book is well written and has much math of interest. While it is pitched at a non-math audience there is material h

- Author : Antonio Villanacci
- Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
- Category : Mathematics

**Summary:**

General equilibrium In this book we try to cope with the challenging task of reviewing the so called general equilibrium model and of discussing one specific aspect of the approach underlying it, namely, market completeness. With the denomination "general equilibrium" (from now on in short GE) we shall mainly refer to two different things. On one hand, in particular when using the expression "GE approach", we shall refer to a long established methodolog ical tradition in building and developing economic models, which includes, as of today, an enormous amount of contributions, ranging in number by several 1 thousands • On the other hand, in particular when using the expression "stan dard differentiable GE model", we refer to a very specific version of economic model of exchange and production, to be presented in Chapters 8 and 9, and to be modified in Chapters 10 to 15. Such a version is certainly formulated within the GE appro

- Author : J. Boscá
- Publisher : Springer
- Category : Business & Economics

**Summary:**

This book examines the pattern of growth of the Spanish economy in the last few decades, and studies the causes of its labour productivity, and the special features characterising business cycles in Spain.

- Author : Tadahiro Nakajima
- Publisher : Springer Nature
- Category : Business & Economics

**Summary:**

This book introduces empirical methods for analyzing energy markets. Even beginners in econometrics and mathematical finance must be able to learn how to utilize these methodologies and how to interpret the analysis results. This book provides some example analyses of the North American, European, and Asian energy markets. The reader will experience some theories and practices of energy trading and risk management. This book reveals the characteristics of energy markets using quantitative analyses. Examples include unit root, cointegration, long-term equilibrium, stochastic arbitrage simulation, multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH) models, exponential GARCH (EGARCH) models, optimal hedge ratio, copula, value-at-risk (VaR), expected shortfall, vector autoregressive (VAR) models, vector moving average (VMA) models, connectedness, and frequency decomposition. This book is suitable for peopl

- Author : John van der Hoek
- Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
- Category : Business & Economics

**Summary:**

This book describes the modelling of prices of ?nancial assets in a simple d- crete time, discrete state, binomial framework. By avoiding the mathematical technicalitiesofcontinuoustime?nancewehopewehavemadethematerial accessible to a wide audience. Some of the developments and formulae appear here for the ?rst time in book form. We hope our book will appeal to various audiences. These include MBA s- dents,upperlevelundergraduatestudents,beginningdoctoralstudents,qu- titative analysts at a basic level and senior executives who seek material on new developments in ?nance at an accessible level. The basic building block in our book is the one-step binomial model where a known price today can take one of two possible values at a future time, which might, for example, be tomorrow, or next month, or next year. In this simple situation “risk neutral pricing” can be de?ned and the model can be applied to price forward contracts, ex

- Author : Wilfred Beckerman
- Publisher : Springer
- Category : Business & Economics

**Summary:**

This important textbook has been revised and updated to continue its focus on the link between ethics and economic policy analysis, whilst ensuring that perspectives addressing the moral limits of the market, latest behavioural economics literature, and the changes in inequality over the years are included. Basic philosophical concepts are systematically described, followed by conventional welfare economic theory and policy, and applications to some topical economic problems such as income distribution and sustainable development.

- Author : Frank D. Tinari
- Publisher : Springer
- Category : Business & Economics

**Summary:**

This edited collection addresses the major issues encountered in the calculation of economic damages to individuals in civil litigation. In federal and state courts in the United States, as well as in other nations, when one party sues another, the suing party is required not only to prove that the harm was, indeed, caused by the other party, but also to claim and demonstrate that a specified dollar value represents just compensation for the harm. Forensic economists are often called upon to evaluate, measure, and opine on the degree of economic loss that is alleged to have occurred. Aimed at both practitioners and theorists, the original articles and essays in the edited collection are written by nationally recognized and widely published forensic experts. Its strength is in showcasing theories, methods, and measurements as they differ in a variety of cases, and in its review of the forensic economics literature developed over

- Author : G. Hammer
- Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
- Category : Business & Economics

**Summary:**

Let eRN be the usual vector-space of real N-uples with the usual inner product denoted by (. ,. ). In this paper P is a nonempty compact polyhedral set of mN, f is a real-valued function defined on (RN continuously differentiable and fP is the line- ly constrained minimization problem stated as : min (f(x) I x € P) • For computing stationary points of problemtj) we propose a method which attempts to operate within the linear-simplex method structure. This method then appears as a same type of method as the convex-simplex method of Zangwill [6]. It is however, different and has the advantage of being less technical with regards to the Zangwill method. It has also a simple geometrical interpretation which makes it more under standable and more open to other improvements. Also in the case where f is convex an implementable line-search is proposed which is not the case in the Zangwill method. Moreover, if f(x) = (c,x) this metho